A pattern of abusive behaviours which involves violence or other abuse by one person against another in a domestic context, such as in marriage dating, family, friends.♦ Forms?
Criminal – Includes but is not limited to un-invited physical contact such as Striking, kicking, biting, sexual coercion and abuse, marital rape, intimidating by stalking, computer hacking and criminal isolation.
Non-Criminal – Includes but is not limited to being denied access to friends and social contacts. Shadowing, restriction of communicating devices, denying access to family finances.
Abusers or perpetrators use a wide variety of abusive tactics. There are five general categories of abusive tactics:
Physical Abuse can be defined as the threat of harm or any forceful physical behaviour that intentionally or accidentally causes bodily harm or property destruction, including the following:
♦ No Single Cause
♦ Factors Involved - society’s attitudes, community responses, and the individual psychology experiences of the abuser and the abused.
♦ Result of an abuser’s desire for power and control.
Anyone can be abused, regardless of their social background, age, gender, religion, sexuality or ethnicity, Single, Dating or married, Living together or separated.
♦ Heterosexual or Homosexual
Profile of Victim –
♦ Represents all demographics
♦ Demonstrates Low Self Esteem, Helplessness, Hopelessness, Powerlessness, Guilt, Shame
♦ Attempt to protect perpetrator
♦ Takes Responsibility by taking Self-Blame
♦ Denies severity of the situation
♦ Sleep Disruption
♦ Accusations of cheating
♦ Personality Change - Inability to trust
Profile of the perpetrator
♦ Low self Esteem/Easily threatened
♦ Jealous/ Possessive – See partners as a possession
♦ Degrading and Humiliating
♦ Uses threats and intimidation
♦ Poor copying mechanisms
♦ High incidence of substance abuse
♦ Experienced violence as a child
♦ At Home
♦ At Workplace of the victim or the offender
♦ At School
♦ Public places (although this is rare)